European Journal of Taxonomy 2020-09-25T00:08:06-07:00 Laurence Benichou Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>European Journal of Taxonomy</em> is a peer-reviewed international journal in descriptive taxonomy, covering the eukaryotic world. Its content is fully electronic and <a href="">Open Access</a>. It is published and funded by a <a href="">consortium</a> of European natural history institutions. Neither authors nor readers have to pay fees. All articles published in <em>EJT</em> are compliant with the different nomenclatural codes. <em>EJT</em> is an archived and indexed journal that welcomes scientific contributions from all over the world, both in content and authorship. If you have any questions about <em>EJT</em>, please <a href="">contact us</a></p> Five new species of Caliscelidae (Insecta, Hemiptera) from Mexico and Panama, with additional redescriptions of little-known species 2020-09-25T00:08:06-07:00 Abner S. de Freitas Christopher H. Dietrich Daniela M. Takiya <p>Five new species of Peltonotellini (Caliscelinae) are described and illustrated: <em>Bruchomorpha pseudodorsata</em> sp.&nbsp;nov., <em>Fitchiella brachyrhina</em> sp.&nbsp;nov., <em>Protrocha nigrilutea</em> sp.&nbsp;nov. and<em> P. punctatosa</em> sp.&nbsp;nov. from Mexico, and <em>Fitchiella zahniseri</em> sp.&nbsp;nov. from Panama. Additionally, five previously described species are redescribed based on newly collected specimens: <em>Aphelonema brevata</em> Caldwell, 1945 (proposed original combination), <em>Bruchomorpha decorata</em> Metcalf, 1923,<em> Bruchomorpha mormo</em> Kirkaldy, 1907, <em>Nenema virgata</em> (Doering, 1941) and <em>Protrocha nesolitaria</em> (Caldwell, 1945). <em>Bruchomorpha decorata</em> is recorded from Panama for the first time. Redescriptions provide new information on the distribution of sensory pits and the first detailed descriptions of male and female terminalia for these species.</p> 2020-09-25T00:07:20-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Abner S. de Freitas, Christopher H. Dietrich, Daniela M. Takiya Five new Palaearctic species of Docosia (Diptera: Mycetophilidae), with updated molecular phylogeny of the genus 2020-09-17T00:51:57-07:00 Jan Ševčík Nikola Burdíková David Kaspřák Olavi Kurina <p>A new phylogenetic hypothesis is proposed for the relationships among the species within the genus <em>Docosia</em> Winnertz, 1863, based on a combined analysis of five DNA markers (28S, ITS2, COI, COII and CytB). Five new species are described, <em>Docosia anatolica</em> Ševčík sp.&nbsp;nov. from Turkey, <em>D.&nbsp;japonica</em> Kurina sp.&nbsp;nov. from Japan, <em>D.&nbsp;peloponnensis</em> Ševčík sp.&nbsp;nov. from Greece, <em>D.&nbsp;svanetica</em> Kurina sp.&nbsp;nov. from Caucasus and <em>D.&nbsp;polyspina</em> Kurina sp.&nbsp;nov. from the Russian Far East. New country records of the following species are presented: <em>D.&nbsp;diutina</em> Plassmann, 1996 (Turkey), <em>D.&nbsp;flavicoxa</em> Strobl, 1900 (Georgia), <em>D.&nbsp;gilvipes</em> (Haliday in Walker, 1856) (Georgia), <em>D.&nbsp;kerkini</em> Kurina&nbsp;&amp; Ševčík, 2011 (Bulgaria), <em>D.&nbsp;moravica</em> Landrock, 1916 (Georgia), <em>D.&nbsp;pannonica</em> Lastovka &amp; Ševčík 2006 (Georgia) and <em>D.&nbsp;rameli</em> Kurina &amp; Ševčík, 2011 (Slovakia).</p> 2020-09-17T00:40:23-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jan Ševčík, Nikola Burdíková, David Kaspřák, Olavi Kurina First insights into past biodiversity of giraffes based on mitochondrial sequences from museum specimens – Corrigendum 2020-09-17T00:27:59-07:00 Alice Petzold Anne-Sophie Magnant David Edderai Bertrand Chardonnet Jacques Rigoulet Michel Saint-Jalme Alexandre Hassanin <p>The present corrigendum corrects errors that occurred in: Petzold A., Magnant A.-S., Edderai D., Chardonnet B., Rigoulet J., Saint-Jalme M. &amp; Hassanin A. 2020. First insights into past biodiversity of giraffes based on mitochondrial sequences from museum specimens. <em>European Journal of Taxonomy</em> 703: 1–33. <a href=""></a></p> 2020-09-17T00:10:41-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Alice Petzold, Anne-Sophie Magnant, David Edderai, Bertrand Chardonnet, Jacques Rigoulet, Michel Saint-Jalme, Alexandre Hassanin Phylogenetics of the freshwater crab (Potamonautes MacLeay, 1838) fauna from ‘sky islands’ in Mozambique with the description of a new species (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae) 2020-09-11T02:35:22-07:00 Savel R. Daniels Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva Vanessa Muianga Julian Bayliss Patterns and processes of cladogenesis among taxa living on the Mozambique ‘sky islands’ remain poorly studied. During the present study, we report on a new freshwater crab species from Mount Lico, an inselberg and ‘sky island’ in the Zambezia Province of Mozambique. Phylogenetic analyses using three mitochondrial DNA sequence loci (12S rRNA, 16S rRNA and COI) were used to determine the evolutionary placement of the freshwater crab specimens from Mount Lico. The freshwater crab specimens from Mount Lico were retrieved sister to <em>Potamonautes choloensis</em>. The new species, <em>Potamonautes licoensis</em> sp. nov., is described and compared with other southern African freshwater crab species. Divergence time estimations for the Mozambican freshwater crab species suggest a Miocene / Plio–Pleistocene diversification. Some endemic ‘sky island’ species form an early branching and are sister to other predominantly East African species, while other ‘sky island’ species are more recently derived and nested within a predominantly southern African clade. The present study presents the description of the fourth endemic freshwater crab species from Mozambique and suggests that the species diversity in the country is likely highly underrepresented, reiterating the call for renewed systematic surveys. An argument for the conservation of these mountainous ‘sky islands’ is presented. 2020-09-11T02:35:22-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Savel R. Daniels, Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Vanessa Muianga, Julian Bayliss New sponge species from Seno Magdalena, Puyuhuapi Fjord and Jacaf Canal (Chile) 2020-09-10T00:53:15-07:00 Marco Bertolino Gabriele Costa Giorgio Bavestrello Maurizio Pansini Giovanni Daneri Until now, only 177 species of sponges (Porifera) have been reported for Chilean coastal waters. Here we describe recent scuba diving surveys undertaken to improve our knowledge of the diversity of the sponge fauna of the Seno Magdalena, Puyuhuapi Fjord and Jacaf Canal in Chilean Patagonia. Despite these relatively harsh environments, our study yielded 23 species of Demospongiae, nine of which are new to science and described here: <em>Hymerabdia imperfecta</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Axinella cylindrica</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Axinella coronata</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Biemna aurantiaca</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Biemna erecta</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Biemna typica</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Scopalina cribrosa</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov., <em>Rhizaxinella strongylata</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov. and <em>Darwinella pronzatoi</em> Bertolino, Costa &amp; Pansini sp. nov. One species, <em>Hymedesmia</em> (<em>Stylopus</em>) <em>lissostyla</em> (Bergquist &amp; Fromont, 1988), is reported for the first time for Chile. 2020-09-10T00:53:15-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Marco Bertolino, Gabriele Costa, Giorgio Bavestrello, Maurizio Pansini, Giovanni Daneri A new green-coloured Lusitanipus Mauriès, 1978 from the Iberian Peninsula (Diplopoda: Callipodida: Dorypetalidae) 2020-09-08T07:03:33-07:00 José Domingo Gilgado Virginia Martínez-Pillado Carlos E. Prieto Recent samplings in cavities of the Iberian Peninsula led to the discovery of a new millipede species of the order Callipodida in one cave in the region of El Bierzo (León, Spain): <em>Lusitanipus xanin</em> sp. nov. In additional samplings (near that cave), more specimens of this new species were discovered in surface habitats. The species has various distinctive characteristics, such as its green colour, but the morphology of the gonopod has several similarities with that of <em>Lusitanipus alternans</em> (Verhoeff, 1893), indicating a close relationship between them. The diagnosis of the genus <em>Lusitanipus</em> Mauriès, 1978 has to be changed to accommodate the new species. The presence of crests in two different sizes is no longer a diagnostic character of the genus <em>Lusitanipus</em>, but of the species <em>L. alternans</em>. <em>Lusitanipus xanin</em> sp. nov. is the fourth species of the order Callipodida for the Iberian Peninsula, and the second species for the genus. <em>Lusitanipus xanin</em> sp. nov. seems to be an epigean but troglophile species. 2020-09-08T04:43:19-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 José Domingo Gilgado, Virginia Martínez-Pillado, Carlos E. Prieto The millipede genus Leucogeorgia Verhoeff, 1930 in the Caucasus, with descriptions of eleven new species, erection of a new monotypic genus and notes on the tribe Leucogeorgiini (Diplopoda: Julida: Julidae) 2020-09-07T02:14:31-07:00 Dragan Ž. Antić Hans S. Reip The Caucasian leucogeorgiinine genera <em>Archileucogeorgia </em>Lohmander, 1936 and <em>Leucogeorgia </em>Verhoeff, 1930 are revised, with <em>Leucogeorgia </em>being considered as a senior subjective synonym of <em>Archileucogeorgia</em>, syn. nov. The following new combinations are thus warranted: <em>Leucogeorgia abchasica </em>(Lohmander, 1936) and <em>L. satunini </em>(Lohmander, 1936), both comb. nov. ex <em>Archileucogeorgia</em>. All four previously described species, viz., <em>L. longipes </em>Verhoeff, 1930, <em>L. abchasica</em>, <em>L. satunini </em>and <em>L. rediviva </em>Golovatch, 1983, are redescribed based on new material, partly also on the type series, with a lectotype being designated for <em>L. longipes</em>. In addition, eleven new species of <em>Leucogeorgia </em>are described, both with normal (<em>L. borealis </em>sp. nov., <em>L. gioi </em>sp. nov., <em>L. golovatchi </em>sp. nov., <em>L. lobata </em>sp. nov., <em>L. oculata </em>sp. nov. and <em>L. prometheus </em>sp. nov.) and modified mouthparts (<em>L. caudata </em>sp. nov., <em>L. mystax </em>sp. nov., <em>L. profunda </em>sp. nov., <em>L. redivivoides </em>sp. nov. and <em>L. turbanovi </em>sp. nov., all clearly troglobionts). Additionally, a new monotypic genus, <em>Martvilia </em>gen. nov., is erected, with <em>M. parva </em>gen. et sp. nov. as the type species, another presumed troglobiont. An identification key to both genera and all 16 species of Caucasian Leucogeorgiini is presented. Several other members of this tribe are also re-examined, including a syntype male of <em>Telsonius nycteridonis </em>Strasser, 1976, from Greece, herewith designated as the lectotype. Troglomorphisms and mouthpart modifications, as well as the distributions and relationships within both <em>Leucogeorgia </em>and Leucogeorgiini, and a Leucogeorgiini species richness estimate for the western Caucasus are discussed. 2020-09-07T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dragan Ž. Antić, Hans S. Reip Two new species of Kaempferia L. (Zingiberaceae) from Cambodia and Lao PDR 2020-09-04T08:54:57-07:00 Oudomphone Insisiengmay Mark Fleming Newman Thomas Haevermans <p class="p1">Two new species of <em>Kaempferia</em> L. (Zingiberaceae), <em>Kaempferia nemoralis</em> Insis. sp. nov. and <em>Kaempferia pascuorum</em> Insis. sp. nov., from Cambodia and Lao PDR are described and illustrated. Morphological similarities to their closely related taxa are discussed. <em>Kaempferia nemoralis</em> Insis. sp. nov. is compared with <em>Kaempferia larsenii </em>Sirirugsa in its vegetative parts, but distinguished by the following characters: whole plant taller, leaf sheath and young shoot apex green, petiole absent. It differs from <em>Kaempferia rotunda</em> L. in its floral parts by the following characters: presence of peduncle, floral tube longer, labellum purple with white line at centre, anther crest obovate, bifid, apex irregularly rounded and ovary glabrous. <em>Kaempferia pascuorum </em>Insis. sp. nov. is compared with <em>Kaempferia larsenii </em>Sirirugsa. Proposed IUCN conservation assessments are also given: <em>Kaempferia nemoralis</em> Insis. sp. nov. occurs in disturbed, open forest and is assessed as CR, whereas <em>Kaempferia pascuorum</em> Insis. sp. nov. occurs in short grassland and is assessed as EN.</p> 2020-09-04T05:40:34-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Oudomphone Insisiengmay, Mark Fleming Newman, Thomas Haevermans Review of the scorpionfly genus Dicerapanorpa Zhong & Hua (Mecoptera: Panorpidae), with descriptions of two new species 2020-08-31T23:33:04-07:00 Gui-Lin Hu Bao-Zhen Hua The current knowledge of the scorpionfly genus <em>Dicerapanorpa</em> Zhong &amp; Hua, 2013 is taxonomically reviewed. Two new species of <em>Dicerapanorpa</em> are described and illustrated, increasing the species number of this genus to 20. <em>Dicerapanorpa bifurcata</em> sp. nov. from the Minshan Mountains, Sichuan Province, is characterized by the absence of the paramere basal branch and the elongated mesal branch in males, and the medigynium having a short basal stalk in females. <em>Dicerapanorpa zhengkuni</em> sp. nov. from the Wuling and Miaoling Mountains, Guizhou Province, is distinguishable by the greatly elongated hypovalves, the very short basal branch of the paramere, and the dorsomedially curved lateral branch in males, and the rounded main plate of the medigynium in females. An updated key to species of <em>Dicerapanorpa</em> is presented. 2020-09-01T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Gui-Lin Hu, Bao-Zhen Hua Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) obtained from common reed, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. (Poaceae) in Iran with new records and descriptions of two new species 2020-08-28T00:39:58-07:00 Hossein Lotfalizadeh Younes Karimpour Gérard Delvare Jean-Yves Rasplus Fourteen species of Chalcidoidea (Encyrtidae, Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Pteromalidae and Torymidae) were obtained from the common reed, <em>Phragmites australis</em> (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. (Poaceae) in the Urmia region, in the northwest of Iran. Among these species, two new species of Pteromalidae are described hereafter: <em>Norbanus persicus</em> Lotfalizadeh &amp; Rasplus sp. nov. and <em>Stenomalina delvarei</em> Lotfalizadeh &amp; Rasplus sp. nov. <em>Anagyrus</em> near <em>alienus</em> Japoshvili, 2002, <em>Asitus</em> sp., <em>Cheiloneurus paralia</em> (Walker, 1837), <em>Echthroplexiella obscura</em> (Hoffer, 1952), <em>Neococcidencyrtus poutiersi</em> (Mercet, 1922) (all Encyrtidae), <em>Aprostocetus orithyia</em> (Walker, 1839) (Eulophidae), <em>Eupelmus phragmitis</em> Erdös, 1955 (Eupelmidae), <em>Aximopsis deserticola</em> (Zerova, 2004) comb. nov., <em>Tetramesa phragmitis</em> (Erdös, 1952) and <em>Tetramesa</em> sp. (all Eurytomidae), <em>Homoporus febriculosus</em> (Girault, 1917) (Pteromalidae) and <em>Torymus arundinis</em> (Walker, 1833) (Torymidae) were also obtained from our laboratory rearing. Nine of these species are recorded for the first time from Iran. 2020-08-28T00:39:58-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hossein Lotfalizadeh, Younes Karimpour, Gérard Delvare, Jean-Yves Rasplus