A new species of Bidessus from Anjozorobe-Angavo and a review of Malagasy Bidessus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)

  • Johannes Bergsten Department of Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6153-4431
  • Tolotra Ranarilalatiana Department of Entomology, Faculty of Sciences, Box 906, University of Antananarivo, 101 Antananarivo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0371-2893
  • Olof Biström Finnish Museum of Natural History, Zoology Unit, P.O. Box 17, FI-00014 University of Helsinki
Keywords: aquatic insects, protected area, Madagascar, alpine, Bidessini


We review the species of Bidessus of Madagascar and describe Bidessus anjozorobe sp. nov. from material collected in Anjozorobe forest. Anjozorobe is part of the Anjozorobe-Angavo Protected Area, which is an important corridor of transition forest between typical eastern humid forests and the residual sub-humid forest of the Central Highlands. Bidessus longistriga Régimbart, 1895 and Bidessus perexiguus Kolbe, 1883 are widespread but endemic low-altitude species on Madagascar. Bidessus nesioticus Guignot, 1956 is an alpine species described from near the peak of the Ankaratra mountain massifs at 2500 m a.s.l. We recollected the species for the first time since its description, in Ankaratra and in a new area above 2000 m a.s.l. in the Andringitra mountain further south. Bidessus cf. nero Gschwendtner, 1933 is tentatively recorded for Madagascar for the first time but further studies are needed to test the status of mainland and insular populations. Bidessus apicidens Biström & Sanfilippo, 1986 has not been recollected on Madagascar since 1970. All species are endemic to Madagascar except potentially Bidessus cf. ceratus and Bidessus cf. nero described from Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, respectively. The older records of the two non-endemic species Bidessus complicatus Sharp, 1904 and Bidessus ovoideus Régimbart, 1895 on Madagascar could not be verified.


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How to Cite
Bergsten, J., Ranarilalatiana, T., & Biström, O. (2020). A new species of Bidessus from Anjozorobe-Angavo and a review of Malagasy Bidessus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). European Journal of Taxonomy, 720(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.720.1109
Research article