New and poorly known giant scale insects (Homoptera: Coccinea: Margarodidae s. lat.) from the Oriental region with taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the subfamily Monophlebinae

Keywords: scale insects, monophlebines, morphology, new species


A new scale insect genus and species, Gompholopium quercicola gen. et sp. nov. is described and illustrated, based on material from China (Yunnan Prov.). Hemaspidoproctus cinereus (Green, 1922) is redescribed, based on material from India (Allahabad). Walkeriana tosariensis Reyne, 1957 is transferred to the genus Hemaspidoproctus Morrison, 1927 – H. tosariensis (Reyne, 1957) comb. nov. Monophlebus neglectus Gavrilov-Zimin, 2018 syn. nov. is formally synonymized with the unrecognizable Monophlebus atripennis Burmeister, 1835 in order to resolve an old taxonomic and nomenclatural problem in the subfamily Monophlebinae.


Burmeister H. 1835. Handbuch der Entomologie. Vol. 2. T.F. Inslin, Berlin.

Cockerell T.D.A. 1894. A check list of Nearctic Coccidae. The Canadian Entomologist 26: 31–36.

Cockerell T.D.A. 1902a. A contribution to the classification of the Coccidae. The Entomologist 35: 232–233.

Cockerell T.D.A. 1902b. What is Monophlebus Leach? The Entomologist 35: 317–319.

Danzig E.M. 1980. Koktsydy Dal’nego Vostoka SSSR (Homoptera, Coccinea) s analizom filogenii koktsyd mirovoy fauny. Nauka, Leningrad. [In Russian.] [English edition: Danzig E.M. 1986. Coccids of the Far-Eastern USSR (Homoptera: Coccinea). Phylogenetic Analysis of Coccids in the World Fauna. New Delhi.]

Foldi I. 2005. Ground pearls: a generic revision of the Margarodidae sensu stricto. (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea). Annales de la Société entomologique de France 41: 81–25.

Foldi I. 2016. New archaeococcoids from Guyana and Malaysia, with discussion of the tribes Llaveiini and Drosichini (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha, Monophlebidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 121 (3): 289–308. Available from [accessed 27 Mar. 2021].

Gavrilov-Zimin I.A. 2018. Ontogenesis, morphology and higher classification of archaecococcids (Homoptera: Coccinea: Orthezioidea). Zoosystematica Rossica Supplementum 2: 1–260.

Green E.E. 1922. The Coccidae of Ceylon, Part V. Dulau & Co., London.

Guérin-Méneville F.E. 1827. Dictionnaire classique d’histoire naturelle. Tome 11. Rey et Gravier Libraires-Éditeurs, Paris.

Hempel A. 1920. Descripçoes de coccidas novas e pouco conhecidas. Revista do Museu Paulista (São Paulo) 12: 329–377.

Koteja J. 1974 Comparative studies on the labium in the Coccinea (Homoptera). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Warszawie, Rozprawy Naukowe 89: 1–162.

Koteja J. 2000. Advances in the study of fossil coccids (Hemiptera: Coccinea). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 69: 187–218.

Morrison H. 1927. Descriptions of new genera and species belonging to the coccid family Margarodidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 40: 99–109.

Morrison H. 1928. A classification of the higher groups and genera of the coccid family Margarodidae. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 52: 1–239

Reyne A. 1957. Walkeriana tosariensis, a new monophlebine coccid from Casuarina junghununiana Miq. in east-Java. Beaufortia 6: 115–145.

Reyne A. 1965. Observations on some Indonesian scale insects. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 108: 145–188. Available from [accessed 27 Mar. 2021].

Vayssière P. 1932. Monophlebines et pseudococcines de l’Afrique du Nord [Hem. Coccidae]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 37: 24–28. Available from [accessed 27 Mar. 2021].

Westwood J.O. 1845. Plate VI. Illustrations of various species of Coccidae, belonging to the genus Monophlebus. Arcana Entomologica 1: 21–22.

Tang F.T. & Hao J.J. 1995. The Margarodidae and Others of China. Chinese Agricultural Science Technology Press Beijing, P.R. China. [In Chinese, with English summary.]

Williams D.J. 1969. The family-group names of the scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 23: 315–341.

How to Cite
Gavrilov-Zimin, I. A. (2021). New and poorly known giant scale insects (Homoptera: Coccinea: Margarodidae s. lat.) from the Oriental region with taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the subfamily Monophlebinae. European Journal of Taxonomy, 746(1), 50–61.
Research article