Three new species of Patrus Aubé with additional records of Gyrinidae from China (Coleoptera, Gyrinidae)

Keywords: Gyrinidae, Patrus, fauna, China, Oriental Region, Palaearctic Region


Three new species of Patrus Aubé, 1838 are described from China: Patrus hainanensis sp. nov. from Hainan; Patrus jiangxiensis sp. nov. from Jiangxi; Patrus shangchuanensis sp. nov. from Guangdong. Eight species / subspecies of Gyrinidae are recorded from China for the first time: Metagyrinus vitalisi (Peschet, 1923), Orectochilus argenteolimbatus Peschet, 1923, Orectochilus murinus Régimbart, 1892, Patrus haemorrhous (Régimbart, 1892), Patrus marginepennis angustilimbus (Ochs, 1925) from Yunnan; Patrus coomani (Peschet, 1925) from Guangdong; Patrus procerus (Régimbart, 1884) from Guangxi; Patrus annandalei (Ochs, 1925) from Hainan. Additional faunistic data of Gyrinidae from China are provided. A key to Chinese species of Patrus Aubé based on examined specimens from China is given.


Aubé C. 1836–1838. Iconographie et Histoire Naturelle des Coléoptères d’Europe. Tome Cinquième. Hydrocanthares. Méquignon-Marvis, Paris.

Balke M., Bergsten J., Wang L.-J. & Hendrich L. 2017. A new genus and two new species of Southeast Asian Bidessini as well as new synonyms for Oceanian species (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). ZooKeys 647: 137–151.

Blanchard E. 1843. Insectes. In: Hombron J.B. & Jacquinot H. (eds) Atlas d’Histoire Naturelle Zoologie, par MM. Hombron et Jacquinot, chirurgiens de l’expédition. Gide, Paris.

Cheo M.T. 1934. The Gyrinidae of China. Peking Natural History Bulletin 8 (3): 205–239.

Cox B. (2001) The biogeographic regions reconsidered. Journal of Biogeography 28 (4): 511–523.

de Motschulsky V. 1866. Catalogue des insectes reçus du Japon. Bulletin de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 39: 163–200.

Deyrolle H. & Fairmaire L. 1878. Descriptions de coléoptères recueillis par M. l’abbé David dans la Chine centrale. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 8: 87–140.

Fabricius J.C. 1775. Systema Entomologiae, Sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Libraria Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae.

Fabricius J.C. 1798. Entomologia Systematica. apud Proft et Storch, Hafniae.

Fabricius J.C. 1801. Systema Eleutheratorum secundum ordines, genera, species; adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Tomus I. Bibliopolii Academici Novi, Kiliae.

Falkenström G. 1936. Halipliden, Dytisciden und Gyriniden aus West- und Central-China (Coleoptera). Lingnan Science Journal 15 (1–2): 79–99, 225–247.

Fery H. & Hájek J. 2016. Nomenclatural notes on some Palaearctic Gyrinidae (Coleoptera). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 56 (2): 645–663.

Gustafson G.T. & Miller K.B. 2017. Systematics and evolution of the whirligig beetle tribe Dineutini (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae: Gyrininae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 181 (1): 118–150.

Hájek J. & Fery H. 2017. Family Gyrinidae Latreille, 1810. In: Löbl I. & Löbl D. (eds), Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 1. Revised and Updated Edition. Archostemata – Myxophaga – Adephaga: 22–29. Leiden, Brill.

Hájek J. & Fery H. 2019. Catalogue of Palearctic Gyrinidae (Coleoptera). Internet version. 1–14. Available from [accessed 1 Jan. 2019]

Hatch M. 1925. The phylogeny and phylogenetic tendencies of Gyrinidae. Paper of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 5: 429–467.

Hendrich L. & Yang C.M. 1999. A contribution to the knowledge of the water beetle fauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia (Coleoptera: Noteridae, Dytiscidae, Hydrophilidae, Hydraenidae, Scirtidae, Limnichidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 6: 253–262.

Holmen M. 1987. The aquatic Adephaga (Coleoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark, I. Gyrinidae, Haliplidae, Hygrobiidae and Noteridae. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 20: 1–168.

Hope F.W. 1842. Observations on the Coleoptera of Port Essington, in Australia, with descriptions of the following new species. Journal of Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1841: 43–50.

Jia F.-L., Lin R.-C., Chan E., Skale A. & Fikáček M. 2017. Two new species of Coelostoma Brullé, 1835 from China and additional faunistic records of the genus from the Oriental Region (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae: Sphaeridiinae: Coelostomatini). Zootaxa 4232 (1): 113–122.

Komarek A. 2013. A revision of Anacaena Thomson, 1859 X. Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Entomologica Basiliensia et Collectionis Frey 34: 137–177.

Macleay W.S. 1825. Annulosa Javanica, or an Attempt to Illustrate the Natural Affinities and Analogies of the Insects Collected in Java by Thomas Horsfield, M.D. F.L. & G.S. and Deposited by Him in the Huseum of the Honourable East-India Company. Number I. Kingsbury, Parbury & Allen, London.

MacLeay W.S. 1871. Notes on a collection of insects from Gayndah. Transactions of the Entomological Society of New South Wales 2 (2): 79–205.

Marsham T. 1802. Entomologia Britannica. Vol. 1. Coleoptera. White, Londini.

Mazzoldi P. 1995. Gyrinidae: Catalogue of Chinese Gyrinidae (Coleoptera). In: Jäch M.A. & Ji L. (eds) Water beetles of China: 155–172. Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft in Österreich and Wiener Coleopterologenverein, Vienna.

Mazzoldi P. 1998. Gyrinidae: New species of Orectochilus Dejean, 1833 subgenus Patrus Aubé, 1838 (Coleoptera). In: Jäch M.A. & Ji L. (eds) Water Beetles of China: 137–146. Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft in Österreichs and Wiener Coleopterologenverein, Vienna.

Mazzoldi P. 2003. Family Gyrinidae Latreille, 1810. In: Löbl I. & Smetana A. (eds) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 1. Archostemata – Myxophaga – Adephaga: 26–30. Apollo Books, Stenstrup.

Miller K.B. & Bergsten J. 2012. Phylogeny and classification of whirligig beetles (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae): relaxed-clock model outperforms parsimony and time-free Bayesian analyses. Systematic Entomology 37 (4): 706–746.

Miller K.B. & Mazzoldi P., Wheeler Q.D. 2008. An unusual new species of Gyrinidae (Coleoptera), Orectochilus orbisonorum n. sp., from India. Zootaxa 1712: 65–68.

Modeer A. 1776. Anmärkningar angående slägtet Gyrinus [Notes on the genus Gyrinus]. Physiographiska Sällskapets Handlingar 1 (3): 155–162.

Montrouzier P. 1860. Essai sur la faune entomologique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Balade) et des îles des Pins, Art, Lifu etc. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (3) 8: 229–308.

Ochs G. 1924. Über neue und interessante Gyriniden aus dem British Museum in London. Entomologische Blätter 20: 228–244.

Ochs G. 1925. Descriptions of new Asiatic Gyrinidae. Records of the Indian Museum 27: 193–204.

Ochs G. 1926. Die Dineutini. 2. Tribus der Unterfamilien Enhydrinae Fam. Gyrinidae, (Col). Entomologische Zeitschrift 40: 61–197.

Ochs G. 1927. Ueber sibirische Gyriniden. Entomologische Zeitschrift 41 (2): 46–49.

Ochs G. 1928. Über die Gyriniden Borneo‘s. Entomologische Blätter 24: 41–45, 78–85, 93–103.

Ochs G. 1929. The present status of knowledge about Chinese Gyrinidae. Lignan Science Journal 7: 715–720.

Ochs G. 1930. Catalogue of Indian insects. Part 19. -Gyrinoidea. Government of India Central Publications Branch, New Delhi.

Ochs G. 1932. Note on species of Gyrinidae from China. Peking Natural History Bulletin 6: 57–58.

Ochs G. 1936. Ein neuer Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Gyriniden-Fauna Chinas unter Berücksichtigung einiger verwandter Arten aus Hinter-Indien. Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Embrik Strand 1: 601–613.

Ochs G. 1942. Über die von Herrn J. Klapperich in China 1937–38 gesammelten Gyriniden. Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft 32: 201–207.

Pascoe F.P. 1877. Descriptions of new genera and species of New-Zealand Coleoptera. – Part IV. Journal of Natural History 19 (110): 140–147.

Peschet R. 1923. Faune entomologique de l’Indochine. Gyrinidae. Opuscules de l’Institut Scientifique de l’Indochine 1 (6): 121–136.

Peschet R. 1925. Description d’un Orectochilus nouveau du Tonkin [Col. Gyrinidae]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 30 (15): 253–254.

Régimbart M. 1882. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae:1er partie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 6 (2): 379–458.

Régimbart M. 1883. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae:2e partie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 6 (3): 121–190.

Régimbart M. 1884. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae:3e partie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 6 (3): 381–482.

Régimbart M. 1886. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae:1er supplément. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 6 (6): 247–272.

Régimbart M. 1888. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 26: 609–623.

Régimbart M. 1891.Gyrinidae de Birmanie. In: Doria G. & Gestro E.R. (eds) Storia naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, Vol. X: 547–554. Tipografia Del R. Istituto Sordo-Muti, Genova.

Régimbart M. 1892. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae: 2e supplément. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (60): 663–752.

Régimbart M. 1902. Coleoptera. Fam. Gyrinidae. In: Wytsman I.P. (ed.) Genera Insectorum. V. Verteneui and L. Desmet, Brussels, Belgium.

Régimbart M. 1907. Essai monographique de la famille des Gyrinidae: 3e supplément. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (76): 137–245.

Ryndevich S.K., Foster G.N., Bilton D.T., Aquilina R., Turner C.R., Shaverdo H. & Prokin A.A. 2014. Additions to the Belarusian fauna of water beetles. Latissimus (35): 32–42.

Satô M. 1985. New aquatic beetles from Japan. Transactions of the Shikoku Entomological Society 17: 51–55.

Schönmann H. 1995. Revision der Gattung Pelthydrus Orchymont 2. Teil: Pelthydrus s.str. (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Koleopterologische Rundschau 65 105–144.

Sharp D. 1873. The water beetles of Japan. The Transactions of the Entomological Society of London: 45–67.

Short A.E.Z. 2018. Systematics of aquatic beetles (Coleoptera): current state and future directions. Systematic Entomology 43 (1): 1–18.

Suffrian E. 1842. Fragmente zur genaueren Kenntniss deutscher Käfer. 3. Gyrinus Geoffr. Entomologische Zeitung 3: 219–237.

Takizawa M. 1931. The Gyrinidae of Japan. Insecta matsumurana 6 (1–2): 13–21.

Uyttenboogaart D.L. 1915. Description d’une nouvelle espece de Dineutes (Fam. Gyrinidae) de l’ile de Formosa. Zoologische Mededelingen 1: 140.

Wu C.F. 1932. Aquatic insects of China. Article I. Catalogue of Chinese Gyrinidae. Peking Natural History Bulletin 6 III. 63–73.

Zaitzev F.A. 1908. Berichtigungen und Zusätze zu den Haliplidae, Dytiscidae und Gyrinidae in den neuesten Katalogen der Coleoptera. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 7 (1907): 114–124.

How to Cite
Liang, Z., Angus, R. B., & Jia, F. (2021). Three new species of Patrus Aubé with additional records of Gyrinidae from China (Coleoptera, Gyrinidae). European Journal of Taxonomy, 767(1), 1–39.
Research article