Bumblebees of the hypnorum-complex world-wide including two new near-cryptic species (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Keywords: barcode, bumblebee, coalescent, distribution, species


The hypnorum-complex of bumblebees (in the genus Bombus Latreille, 1802) has been interpreted as consisting of a single widespread Old-World species, Bombus hypnorum (Linnaeus, 1758) s. lat., and its closely similar sister species in the New World, B. perplexus Cresson, 1863. We examined barcodes for evidence of species’ gene coalescents within this species complex, using the closely related vagans-group to help calibrate Poisson-tree-process models to a level of branching appropriate for discovering species. The results support seven candidate species within the hypnorum-complex (Bombus taiwanensis Williams, Sung, Lin & Lu, 2022, B. wolongensis Williams, Ren & Xie sp. nov., B. bryorum Richards, 1930, B. hypnorum, B. koropokkrus Sakagami & Ishikawa, 1972, and B. hengduanensis Williams, Ren & Xie sp. nov., plus B. perplexus), which are comparable in status to the currently accepted species of the vagans-group. Morphological corroboration of the coalescent candidate species is subtle but supports the gene coalescents if these candidates are considered near-cryptic species.


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How to Cite
Williams, P. H., Dorji, P., Ren, Z., Xie, Z., & Orr, M. (2022). Bumblebees of the hypnorum-complex world-wide including two new near-cryptic species (Hymenoptera: Apidae). European Journal of Taxonomy, 847(1), 46–72. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.847.1981
Research article