New species of Palpimanus Dufour, 1820 from India (Araneae: Palpimanidae, Palpimaninae), with a catalogue of the Indian palpimanid fauna

Keywords: Distribution, grassland ecosystem, Great Indian Bustard, taxonomy, Thar Desert


Two new species of Palpimanus Dufour, 1820 are described from India: P. godawan Tripathi & Sankaran sp. nov. (♂♀), collected from the Thar Desert in Rajasthan, and P. maldhok Kuni, Tripathi & Sankaran sp. nov. (♂♀), collected from Maharashtra. Images of the endogyne and male palp of the holotype and paratype of P. narsinhmehtai Parajapati, Hun & Raval, 2021 are presented to facilitate its identification. A key to Indian species of Palpimanus and a catalogue of Indian palpimanid spiders are provided. The current distribution of all the known Indian palpimanid spiders is mapped.


Caleb J.T.D. & Sankaran P.M. 2023. Araneae of India. Version 2023, online at [accessed 5 Apr. 2023].

Fomichev A.A., Marusik Y.M. & Zonstein S. 2023. New and poorly known species of Palpimanus Dufour, 1820 (Araneae, Palpimanidae) from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Zootaxa 5339 (3): 256–272.

Gravely F.H. 1921. The spiders and scorpions of Barkuda Island. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta 22: 399–421.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Ver. 2022-2, online at [accessed on 6 Jan. 2023].

Jhala Y.V., Dutta S., Bhardwaj G.S., Karkaria T. & Bipin C.M. 2020. Conserving Great Indian Bustard Landscapes through Scientific Understanding and Participatory Planning. Final Technical Report Submitted to Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun 248001, India. TR/2020/21.

Kulczyński W. 1909. Fragmenta Arachnologica. XIV, XV. Bulletin international de l'Académie des Sciences de Cracovie 1909: 667–687.

Mohan A., Bhardwaj G.S., Sen S., Jhala Y.V. & Sivakumar K. 2015. Ecology and management of semi-arid grasslands in India with special reference to endangered lesser florican Sypheotides indica Miller. In: Rawat G.S. & Adhikari B.S. (eds) Ecology and Management of Grassland Habitats in India. ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife & Protected Areas, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun-248001.

Pillai K.G. 2006. Hitherto unknown palpimanid spider (Araneae: Palpimanidae) from India. Entomon 31: 133–136.

Platnick N.I. 1981. A review of the spider subfamily Palpimaninae (Araneae, Palpimanidae), I. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 5 (4): 169–173.

Prajapati D.A., Hun N.K. & Raval J.V. 2021. A new species and a new combination in Palpimanus Dufour, 1820 from India (Aranei: Palpimanidae). Arthropoda Selecta 30 (4): 541–545.

Sankaran P.M. 2022. On Indian Palpimanidae Thorell, 1870, with the first record of the genus Boagrius Simon, 1893 from South Asia (Arachnida: Araneae). Journal of Natural History 55 (35–36): 2173–2185.

Simon E. 1893. Études arachnologiques. 25e Mémoire. XL. Descriptions d'espèces et de genres nouveaux de l'ordre des Araneae. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 62: 299–330.

Simon E. 1897. Arachnides recueillis par M.M. Maindron à Kurrachee et à Matheran (près Bombay) en 1896. Bulletin du Muséum d'histoire naturelle 3 (7): 289–297.

World Spider Catalog. 2023. World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at, ver. 24.5 [accessed 31 Aug. 2023].

Zamani A. & Marusik Y.M. 2021. A new genus and ten new species of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) from Iran. ZooKeys 1054: 95–126.

Zonstein S.L. & Marusik Y.M. 2019. On the revisited types of four poorly known African species of Palpimanus (Araneae, Palpimanidae). African Invertebrates 60 (1): 83– 95.

How to Cite
Tripathi, R., Sankaran, P. M., Kuni, N., & Sudhikumar, A. V. (2023). New species of Palpimanus Dufour, 1820 from India (Araneae: Palpimanidae, Palpimaninae), with a catalogue of the Indian palpimanid fauna. European Journal of Taxonomy, 891(1), 26-50.
Research article