A new species of Ormyrus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Ormyridae) developing in figs of Ficus microcarpa in Europe

  • Evangelos Koutsoukos Department of Ecology and Systematics, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6412-2715
  • Stephen G. Compton School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6841-6297
  • Simon van Noort Research and Exhibitions Department, South African Museum, Iziko Museums of South Africa, PO Box 61 and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
  • Dimitrios N. Avtzis Forest Research Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Vassilika, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Richard R. Askew Le Bourg Est, 24510 St Marcel du Périgord, France https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3860-3697
Keywords: Greece, Cyprus, Ormyrus, new species


Known by many names, the Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa L.) is a monoecious plant species originating from south-eastern Asia which has been introduced as an ornamental in numerous areas outside its native range, including the Mediterranean. Like every species of Ficus, it is associated with a series of chalcid wasp species, known as fig wasps. These species are distributed in the families Agaonidae, Epichrysomallidae, Eurytomidae, Ormyridae and Pteromalidae. In this publication, we describe a new species of Ormyrus Westwood, 1832 (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Ormyridae), O. microcarpae Askew & Koutsoukos sp. nov., reared from figs of F. microcarpa collected from Greece and Cyprus. The new species is compared with O. lini and O. watshami. This species is likely to be a parasitoid of Meselatus bicolor Chen, 1999 (Hymenoptera, Epichrysomallidae). In addition, the previously unknown female of O. lini is also described and illustrated. This publication constitutes the first report of species of Ormyrus associated with figs in Europe.


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How to Cite
Koutsoukos, E., Compton, S. G., van Noort, S., Avtzis, D. N., & Askew, R. R. (2024). A new species of Ormyrus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Ormyridae) developing in figs of Ficus microcarpa in Europe. European Journal of Taxonomy, 917(1), 170-193. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2024.917.2397
Research article