A new species of the ant genus Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Caribbean region

Matthew Prebus, David Lubertazzi

Abstract


Bothriomyrmex enigmaticus sp. nov. is described from the island of Hispañola based on one nest collection. This is the first collection of the genus Bothriomyrmex (Emery, 1869) from the Caribbean region, and the second species to be described from the Americas. While sharing several characters with B. paradoxus (Dubovikoff & Longino, 2004) from Costa Rica and Honduras, B. enigmaticus sp. nov. diverges in several key characters, including palp formula. However, a morphometric comparison to Palearctic species of the tribe Bothriomyrmecini suggests affinities to B. paradoxus, Chronoxenus wroughtoni (Forel, 1895) of the eastern Palearctic, and to a lesser extent an undescribed species of Arnoldius (Dubovikoff, 2005) from Australia and B. corsicus (Santschi,1923) of the western Palearctic.

Keywords


Bothriomyrmecini; Dolichoderinae; Greater Antilles; disjunct distribution; Neotropic

Full Text:

PDF PDF/A


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.211

References


Bolton B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available from http://antcat.org [accessed 3 Nov. 2015].

Dubovikoff D.A. 2005. The system of taxon Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 sensu lato (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and relatives genera. Kavkazskii Entomologicheskii Byulleten 1: 89–94.

Dubovikoff D.A. & Longino J.T. 2004. A new species of the genus Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) from Costa Rica. Zootaxa 776: 1–10.

Forel A. 1873 (“1872”). Sur les rapports que peuvent avoir entre elles les fourmis d’espèces différentes. Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 55: 43–45.

Lloyd H.A., Schmuff N.R. & Hefetz A. 1986. Chemistry of the anal glands of Bothriomyrmex syrius Forel. Olfactory mimetism and temporary social parasitism. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Comparative 83: 71–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(86)90333-0

Santschi F. 1906. A propos de moeurs parasitiques temporaires des fourmis du genre Bothriomyrmex. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 75: 363–392.

Santschi F. 1919. Fourmis du genre Bothriomyrmex Emery. (Systématique et moeurs.). Revue Zoologique Africaine 7: 201–224.

Seifert B. 2012. A review of the West Palaearctic species of the ant genus Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 17: 91–104.

Shattuck S. 1992. Generic Revision of the Ant Subfamily Dolichoderinae. Sociobiology 21: 1–181.

Ward P.S., Brady S.G., Fisher B.L. & Schultz T.R. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of dolichoderine ants: effects of data partitioning and relict taxa on historical inference. Systematic Biology 59: 342–362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syq012

Wilson E.O. 1955. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bulletin of the Museum of Compara-tive Zoology 113: 1–201. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2781391 [accessed 1 Jun. 2016]


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/