A mountain of millipedes IV: Species of Prionopetalum Attems, 1909 from the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania. With notes on "P." fasciatum (Attems, 1896) and a revised species key (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae)

Henrik Enghoff

Abstract


Two species of the genus Prionopetalum Attems, 1909, are recorded from the Udzungwa Mountains: P. asperginis sp. nov. and P. kraepelini (Attems, 1896). Prionopetalum stuhlmanni Attems, 1914 is synonymized under P. kraepelini. Odontopyge fasciata Attems, 1896, is transferred from Prionopetalum to Aquattuor Frederiksen, 2013, and new illustrations are given. A new illustrated key to species of Prionopetalum is provided.

Keywords


Eastern Arc; taxonomy; new species

Full Text:

PDF PDF/A


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.215

References


Attems C.G. 1896. Beschreibung der von Dr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelten Myriopoden. Jahrbuch der hamburgischen wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 13 (Supplement): 23–42. Available from: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28745426 [accessed 15 Jun. 2016]

Attems C.G. 1909. Myriopoda. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906 3 (19): 1–64. Available from: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1410223 [accessed 15 Jun. 2016]

Attems C.G. 1912. Myriopoden. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907–1908 unter Führung Adolf Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg, 4 (Zoologie): 297–324. Available from: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/965153 [accessed 15 Jun. 2016]

Attems C.G. 1914. Afrikanische Spirostreptiden nebst Überblick über die Spirostreptiden orbis terrarum. Zoologica Stuttgart 65–66: 1–233.

Attems C.G. 1935. Diplopoden des Belgischen Congo (Schluss). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 26: 327–396.

Attems C.G. 1938. Diplopoden des Belgischen Congo. Polydesmoidea, 2. Nachtrag und Spirostreptoidea, 1. Nachtrag. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 31: 225–313.

Brolemann H.W. 1920. Myriapodes. In: Alluaud Ch. (ed.) Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale 1911–1912. Résultats Scientifiques. Myriapoda 3: 49–298. A. Schultz, Paris.

Carl J. 1909. Diplopoden. Reise von Dr. J. Carl im nördlichen central-afrikanischen Seengebiet. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 17: 281–365. Available from: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10709191 [accessed 15 Jun. 2016]

Chamberlin R.V. 1927. The Chilopoda and Diplopoda collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition (1909–1915), with notes on some other African species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 57 (4): 177–249.

Demange J.-M. 1982. Contribution à la connaissance des Myriapodes du Sénégal: Diplopodes nuisibles aux cultures et Chilopodes. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 4e Série 4, Section A 3–4: 445–453.

Ebregt E., Struik P.C., Odongo B. & Abidin P.E. 2005. Pest damage in sweet potato, groundnut and maize in north-eastern Uganda with special reference to damage by millipedes (Diplopoda). NJAS – Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 53 (1): 49-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1573-5214(05)80010-7

Enghoff H. 2011. East African giant millipedes of the tribe Pachybolini (Diplopoda, Spirobolida, Pachybolidae). Zootaxa 2753: 1–41.

Enghoff H. 2014. A mountain of millipedes I: An endemic species-group of the genus Chaleponcus Attems, 1914, from the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 100: 1–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.100

Enghoff H. 2016. A mountain of millipedes III: A new genus for three new species from the Udzungwa mountains and surroundings, Tanzania, as well as several ‘orphaned’ species previously assigned to Odontopyge Brandt, 1841 (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 177: 1–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.177

Enghoff H. & Frederiksen S.B. 2015. A mountain of millipedes II: The genus Aquattuor Frederiksen, 2013 – five new species from the Udzungwa Mountains and one from Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 150: 1–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.150

Enghoff H., Hoffman R.L. & Howell K.M. 2016. Checklist of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 105: 51–113. http://dx.doi.org/10.2982/028.105.0103

Etienne J., Delvare G. & Aberlenc H.P. 1992. Contribution à la connaissance de l’arthropodofaune associée aux cultures de Casamace (Sénégal). Bollettino di Zoologia agraria e di Bachicoltura, Series II 24 (2): 159–193.

Hoffman R.L. & Howell K.M. 2012. A new genus of odontopygid millipeds from Tanzania (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Odontopygidae). Journal of East African Natural History 101 (1): 67–72. http://dx.doi.org/10.2982/028.101.0104

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2015. Nectophrynoides asperginis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T54837A16935685. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T54837A16935685.en

Kraus O. 1958. Myriapoda (Chilopoda, Diplopoda). Exploration du Parc National de l’Upemba (Mission G. de Witte) 54 (1): 1–67.

Kraus O. 1960. Äthiopische Diplopoden I. Monographie der Odontopygidae-Odontopyginae (Diplopoda, Spirostreptoidea). Annalen van het Koninklijk Museum van Belgisch-Congo 82: 1–207.

Kraus O. 1966. Phylogenie, Chorologie und Systematik der Odontopygoideen (Diplopoda, Spirostreptomorpha). Abhandlungen der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 512: 1–143.

Marshall A.R., Jørgensbye H.I.O., Rovero F., Platts P.L., White P.C.L. & Lovett J.C. 2010. The species–area relationship and confounding variables in a threatened monkey community. American Journal of Primatology 72: 325–336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20787

Reboleira A.S.P.S., Hosseini M.J.M., Sadeghi S. & Enghoff H. 2015. Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes – a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites. European Journal of Taxonomy 146: 1–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.146

Sigling S. 2010. PraxisRatgeber Tausendfüsser. Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Turk F.A.1956. Millepedes from Nyasaland: a new species and a rediscovered one. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12th Series 9: 737–741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222935608655888

VandenSpiegel D. & Pierrard G. 2009. Révision du genre Prionopetalum (Odontopygidae, Diplopoda) et descriptions de nouvelles espèces d’Afrique de l’Est. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 5: 149–163.

Verhoeff K.W. 1941. Studien an äthiopischen Diplopoden. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 73: 231–274.

Zilihona I., Heinonen J. & Nummelin M. 1998. Arthropod diversity and abundance along the Kihansi Gorge (Kihansi River) in the southern Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 87 (1): 233–240. http://dx.doi.org/10.2982/0012-8317(1998)87[233:ADAAAT]2.0.CO;2


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/