Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Trichomyrmex Mayr, 1865 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Arabian Peninsula, with the description of two new species

Mostafa R. Sharaf, Shehzad Salman, Hathal M. Al Dhafer, Shahid A. Akbar, Mahmoud S. Abdel-Dayem, Abdulrahman S. Aldawood

Abstract


The ant genus Trichomyrmex Mayr, 1865 is revised for the Arabian Peninsula based on the worker caste. Nine species are recognized and descriptions of two new species, T. almosayari sp. nov. and T. shakeri sp. nov. from Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia, are given. For nomenclatural stability, lectotypes for T. abyssinicus (Forel, 1894a), T. lameerei (Forel, 1902) and T. mayri (Forel, 1902) are designated. A key to species and diagnostic characters of the treated species are presented. New country records are presented for T. abyssinicus (Saudi Arabia), T. destructor (Jerdon, 1851) (Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) and T. mayri (Qatar). New distributional records for T. destructor and T. mayri for Saudi Arabia are also provided. World and regional species distributions are indicated and distributional maps for nine Arabian species are included. Ecological and biological information is given when known.

Keywords


Myrmicinae; Palearctic Region; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; key; new record

Full Text:

PDF PDF/A


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.246

References


Alfarhan A.H. 2001. A floristic account on Raudhat Khuraim Central Province Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 8: 80–103.

Al-Farraj M.M., Al-Farhan A. & Al-Yemeni M. 1997. Ecological studies on Rawdhat system in Saudi Arabia I – Rawdhat Khorim. Pakistan Journal of Botany 29: 75–88.

Bingham C.T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. Taylor and Francis, London.

Bolton B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 54: 263–452. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.26850

Bolton B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Version 1, January 2013. Available from http://antcat.org/ [accessed 5 Jan. 2015].

Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymeno­ptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25 (1–2): 1–340.

Borowiec L. & Salata S. 2012. Ants of Greece – checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymeno­ptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 23: 461–563.

Borowiec L. & Salata S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24 (3–4): 335–401.

Collingwood C.A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230–302.

Collingwood C.A. & Agosti D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15: 300–385.

Collingwood C.A., Tigar B.J. & Agosti D. 1997. Introduced ants in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Arid Environments 37: 505–512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1997.0309

Collingwood C.A., Agosti D., Sharaf M.R. & Harten A. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, Family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the United Arab Emirates 4: 405–474.

Collingwood C.A., Pohl H., Güsten R., Wranik W. & Harten A. 2004. The ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Socotra Archipelago. Fauna of Arabia 20: 473–495.

Dalla Torre K.W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque Descriptorum Systematicus et Synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). W. Engelmann, Leipzig.

Délye G. 1961. Monomorium (Equesimessor) chobauti Em. (Hyménoptères Formicidae) à Beni-Abbès (Saoura). Nid. sexués (= Holcomyrmex faf Forel). Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de l’Afrique du Nord 52: 67–72.

Emery C. 1893. Voyage de M.E. Simon à l’île de Ceylan (janvier–février 1892). Formicidés. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62: 239–258.

Emery C. 1896. Description d’une fourmi nouvelle d’Algérie (Hymén.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 66: 418–419.

Emery C. 1908. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908: 663–686.

Emery C. 1922.: Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95–206, Brussels.

Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14: 73–171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ZO9660073

Forel A. 1892. Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurückgebrachten Ameisen. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 8: 349–354.

Forel A. 1894a. Abessinische und andere afrikanische Ameisen, gesammelt von Herrn Ingenieur Alfred Ilg, von Herrn Dr. Liengme, von Herrn Pfarrer Missionar P. Berthoud, Herrn Dr. Arth. Müller etc. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 9: 64–100.

Forel A. 1894b. Quelques fourmis de Madagascar (récoltées par M. le Dr. Voltzkow); de Nouvelle Zélande (récoltées par M.W.W. Smith); de Nouvelle Calédonie (récoltées par M. Sommer); de Queensland (Australie) (récoltées par M. Wiederkehr); et de Perth (Australie occidentale) (récoltées par M. Chase). Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 38: 226–237.

Forel A. 1902a. Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 46: 147–158.

Forel A. 1902b. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l’Inde et de Ceylan. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 10: 165–249.

Forel A. 1909. Études myrmécologiques en 1909. Fourmis de Barbarie et de Ceylan. Nidification des Polyrhachis. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 45: 369–407.

Forel A. 1911. Fourmis de Bornéo, Singapore, Ceylan, etc. récoltées par MM. Haviland, Green, Winkler, Will, Hose, Roepke & Waldo. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 19: 23–62.

Heterick B. 2006. A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57 (4): 69–202.

Jerdon T.C. 1851. A catalogue of the species of ants found in Southern India. Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17: 103–127.

Lattke J.E. 2000. Specimen processing, building and curating an ant collection. In: Agosti D. et al. (eds) Ants. Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity. Biological Diversity Handbook Series 3: 155–171. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.

Mayr G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte “Novaraˮ um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. K. Gerold’s Sohn, Vienna.

Radchenko A.G. 1997. Review of the ants of scabriceps group of the genus Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 46: 211–224.

Ruzsky M. 1907. Murav’i Rossii. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitete 40: 1–122.

Santschi F. 1907. Fourmis de Tunisie capturées en 1906. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 15: 305–334.

Santschi F. 1919. Nouveaux genre et sous-genre de fourmis barbaresques (Hym.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1919: 90–92.

Sharaf M.R. 2006. Taxonomic and Ecological Studies on Family Formicidae (Order: Hymenoptera) in Egypt including some Protectorates with a Study of some Insect Fauna associated with Ant Species. Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Entomology Department, Cairo [unpublished thesis].

Sharaf M.R., Fisher B.L., Collingwood C. & Aldawood A.S. Ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Socotra Archipelago (Yemen): Zoogeography, distribution, and descriptions of two new species [unpublished].

Smith D.R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. In: Krombein K.V., Hurd P.D., Smith D.R. & Burks B.D. (eds) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata): 1323–1467. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

UNCSD. 2004. Qatar’s commitment to sustainable development: a forward-looking vision, Sustainability Policies, Programmes and their Economic Impact: 123–127.

Vesey-Fizberald D.F. 1957. The vegetation of Central and Eastern Arabia. Journal of Ecology 45: 779–798. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2256957

Viehmeyer H. 1916. Ameisen von Singapore. Beobachtet und gesammelt von H. Overbeck. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 81 (8): 108–168.

Viehmeyer H. 1923. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissen­schaften in Wien aus der Erbschaft Treitl von F. Werner unternommenen zoologischen Expedition nach dem anglo-ägyptischen Sudan (Kordofan) 1914. VII. Hymenoptera A. Formicidae. Denkschriften der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 98: 83–94.

Ward P.S., Brady S.G., Fisher B.L. & Schultz T.R. 2015. The evolution of myrmicine ants: Phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 40: 61–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/syen.12090

Wetterer J.K. 2009. Worldwide spread of the destroyer ant, Monomorium destructor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 12: 97–108.

Wheeler W.M. 1923. Chinese ants collected by Professor S.F. Light and Professor A.P. Jacot. American Museum Novitates 69: 1–6.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/