Neofidia Strother, a new name for Fidia Baly, 1863 and redescription of Fidia kanaraensis (Jacoby, 1895) with a new host record and notes on natural history (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae)

S. Amritha Kumari, A. G. Moseyko, M. S. Strother, K. D. Prathapan


Neofidia Strother nom. nov., is proposed as the replacement name for Fidia Baly, 1863, a junior homonym of Fidia Motschulsky, 1861 (not 1860, Griffin 1936). A list of the included species of Neofidia Strother nom. nov. and Fidia Motschulsky, 1861 is provided for clarity. Fidia medvedevi nom. nov. is the new replacement name proposed for Lypesthes vietnamicus Medvedev, 2015. Fidia kanaraensis (Jacoby, 1895) is redescribed and habitus, male and female genitalia are figured. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) is reported as a new host of F. kanaraensis and partial information on the life history is provided. Eggs are laid singly on the surface of soil, and are covered with excreta and soil. Larvae tunnel into the tender roots. Adults are nocturnal and feed on tender leaves.


India; leaf beetles; new combinations; endophallus; female genitalia

Full Text:




Arnett R.H. 1963. The Beetles of the United States. Fascicle 104. Chrysomelidae. Catholic University of America Press, Washington, DC.

Arnett R.H. 1985. American Insects, a Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. Van Nostrand Reinhold Inc, New York.

Balsbaugh E.U. & Hays K.L. 1972. The leaf beetles of Alabama. Auburn Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 441: 1–223.

Baly J.S. 1861. Descriptions of new genera and species of Phytophaga. Journal of Entomology Descriptive and Geographical 1: 275–302.

Baly J.S. 1863. An attempt at a classification of the Eumolpidae. Journal of Entomology, Descriptive and Geographical 2 (9): 143–163.

Baly J.S. 1878. Description of new species and genera of Eumolpidae. The Journal of the Linnean Society 14: 246–265.

Bechyné J. 1950. Les générotypes des Eumolpides de l’Amérique du Sud et du Centre avec les diagnoses des formes nouvelles (Col. Phytoph. Chrysomeloidea). Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft 40: 264–292.

Bechyné J. 1953. Katalog der neotropischen Eumolpiden (Col. Phytoph. Chrysomeloidea). Entomologische Arbeiten aus dem Museum G. Frey 4: 26–303.

Blackwelder R.E. 1946. Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. United States National Museum Bulletin 185 (Parts 1–6): 55–763.

Blatchley W.S. 1910. An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue of the Coleoptera or Beetles (Exclusive of the Rhynchophora) known to occur in Indiana. Nature Publishing Co., Indianapolis.

Chapuis F. 1874. Famille des Phytophages. Vol. 10. In: Lacordaire T. & Chapuis F. (eds) Histoire naturelle des Insects, Genera des Coléoptères. Roret, Paris.

Chen S.H. 1935. Study on the Chinese eumolpid beetles. Sinensia 6 (3): 221–387.

Chen S.H. 1940. Notes on Chinese Eumolpidae. Sinensia 11 (5–6): 483–528.

Chûjô M. 1935. Chrysomelidae of Loo-Choo Archipelago II. Transactions of Natural History Society of Formosa 25 (142): 203–211.

Chûjô M. 1938. H. Sauter’s Formosa Collection: Subfamily Eumolpinae. Arbeiten über morphologische und taxonomische Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem 5 (1): 25–36.

Chûjô M. 1954. Descriptions of a new species and a new subspecies of the genus Lypesthes Baly from Japan, including some notice on its own known species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae). Insecta Matsumurana 18 (3–4): 103–108.

Chûjô M. 1956. A taxonomic study on the Chrysomelidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) from Formosa Part VIII: Subfamily Eumolpinae. The Philippine Journal of Science 85 (1): 1–180.

Chûjô M. 1958a. Chrysomelid-beetles of Loo-Choo Archipelago (V). Memoirs of the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Education, Kagawa University 2 (64): 1–19.

Chûjô M. 1958b. Chrysomelid beetles from the islands of Iki and Tsushima, Japan, collected by Dr. Baba in 1957. Memoirs of the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Education, Kagawa University 2 (58): 1–10.

Chûjô M. & Kimoto S. 1961. Systematic catalogue of Japanese Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera). Pacific Insects 3 (1): 117–202.

Ciegler J.C. 2007. Leaf and Seed Beetles of South Carolina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae and Orsodacnidae). Vol. 4: Biota of South Carolina. Clemson University Public service Publishing, Clemson, SC.

Clavareau H. 1914. Chrysomelidae: 11. Eumolpinae pars 59. In: Schenkling S. (ed.) Coleopterorum Catalogus: 1–215. W. Junk. Berlin.

Crotch G.R. 1873. Materials for the study of the Phytophaga of the United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 25: 19–83.

Crowson R.A. 1992. Sternal articulations of the mesocoxae in Chrysomelidae. Chrysomela 27: 3.

Dejean P.F.M.A. 1836. Catalogue des Coléoptères de la collection de M. le comte Dejean. Méquiguon-Marvis père et fils, Paris.

Dejean P.F.M.A. 1837. Catalogue des Coléoptères de la collection de M. le comte Dejean [4th Ed.]. Méquiguon-Marvis père et fils, Paris.

Eroshkina G.A. 1992. A revision of the genus Lypesthes (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae) of the Vietnam fauna. Sistematika i ekologiya nasekomykh Vietnama [Systematics and Ecology of Insects of Vietnam]: 82–90.

Fairmaire L. 1889. Coléoptéres de l’intérieur de la Chine, 5e partie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France sér. 6, 9: 5–84.

Flowers R.W. 1996. The subfamily Eumolpinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Central America. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.

Flowers R.W. 1999. Internal structure and phylogenetic importance of male genitalia in Eumolpinae. In: Cox M.L. (ed.) Advances in Chrysomelidae Biology 1: 71–93. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands.

Gemminger M. & von Harold B. 1874. Catalogus Coleopterum hucusque descriptorum, synonymicus et systematicus. Tome XL Chrysomelidae (Pars I). Williams and Norgate, London.

Gistel J. 1848. Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs für höhere Schulen. Scheitlin und Krais, Stuttgart.

Gistel J. 1851 Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs für höhere Schulen [2nd ed.]. Scheitlin und Krais, Stuttgart.

Glover T. 1868. Report of the entomologist. In: Stokes J.W. (ed.) Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for the year 1867: 58–76. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.

Gressitt J.L. & Kimoto S. 1961. The Chrysomelidae (Coleopt.) of China and Korea, part 1. Pacific Insects Monograph 1A: 1– 299.

Griffin F.J. 1936. XXI. On the dates of publication of Motschulsky (V. de), ‘Etudes Entomologiques’, I–XI, 1853–1862. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 17: 256–257.

Henshaw S. 1885. List of the Coleoptera of America, North of Mexico. American Entomological Society, Philadelphia.

Hora S.L. 1953. The Satpura Hypothesis. Science Progress (1933–) 41 (162): 245–255.

Horn G.H. 1892. The Eumolpini of Boreal America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 19: 195–234.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). 2009. Opinion 2227 (Case 3375) Fidia Baly, 1863 and Lypesthes Baly, 1863 (lnsecta, Coleoptera): usage not conserved and priority maintained for Fidia Motschulsky, 1860. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 66 (2): 198–200.

Isono M. 1988. Differentiation in life history pattern and oviposition behavior, and thelytoky in Demotina and Hyperaxis beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) in western Japan. Kontyu, Tokyo 56 (2): 402–409.

Jacoby M. 1879. Descriptions of new species of phytophagous Coleoptera. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London 47 (1): 773–793.

Jacoby M. 1882. Insecta. Coleoptera (vol VI Part I) Phytophaga (part). Biologia Centrali-Americana 6 (1): 1–625.

Jacoby M. 1885. Descriptions of the phytophagous Coleoptera of Japan, obtained by Mr. George Lewis during his second journey, from February 1880 to September 1881.– Part I. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London 53 (1): 190–211.

Jacoby M. 1890. Descriptions of new species of phytophagous Coleoptera received by Mr. J.H. Leech, from Chang-Yang, China. The Entomologist, An Illustrated Journal of General Entomology 23: 114–118.

Jacoby M. 1895. Descriptions of the new species of phytophagous Coleoptera obtained by M. Andrewes in India. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 39: 252–288.

Jacoby M. 1908. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Coleoptera. Chrysomelidae, Vol. 1. Taylor & Francis, London.

Jolivet P. & Hawkeswood T.J. 1995. Host Plants of Chrysomelidae of the World. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands.

Jolivet P. & Verma K.K. 2008. Eumolpinae–a widely distributed and much diversified subfamily of leaf beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 1: 3–37.

Jolivet P., Lawrence J.F., Verma K.K. & Ślipiński A. 2014. 2.7.3 Eumolpinae C.G. Thompson, 1859. In: Leschen R.A.B. & Beutel R.G. (eds) Handbook of Zoology, Arthropoda: Insecta, Coleoptera (Beetles), Vol. 3: Morphology and Systematics (Phytophaga): 217–225. De Gruyter.

Kimoto S. 1964. The Chrysomelidae of Japan and the Ryukyu Islands. IV. Journal of faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 13 (2): 235–262.

Kimoto S. 1969. Notes on Chrysomelidae from Taiwan II. Esakia 7: 1–68.

Kimoto S. 2005. Systematic catalogue of Chrysomelidae from Nepal and Bhutan. Bulletin of Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History Series A 3: 1–180.

Kimoto S. & Gressitt J.L. 1966. The Chrysomelidae of Ryukyu Archipelago. Pacific Insects 8 (2): 467–577.

Kimoto S. & Gressitt J.L. 1982. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. III. Eumolpinae. Esakia 18: 1–141.

Konstantinov A.S. 1998. On the structure and function of the female genitalia in flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Proceedings of Entomological Society of Washington 100 (2): 353–360.

Lee J.N. 2012. Leaf beetles (Larvae). Arthropoda: Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae (larvae). 12 (6): Insect Fauna of Korea. National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, Korea.

Lefèvre E. 1877. Descriptions de Coléoptères nouveaux ou peu connus de la Famille des Eumolpides (1re partie). Annales de la Société entomologique de France sér. 5, 7: 115–166.

Lefèvre E. 1885. Eumolpidarum hucusque cognitarum catalogus, sectionaum conspectus systematico, generum sicut et specierum nonnullarum novarum descriptionibus adjunctus. Mémoires de la Société Royal des Sciences de Liège 11: 3–172.

Leng C.W. 1920. Catalogue of the Coleoptera of America, North of Mexico. J.D. Sherman, Jr. Mount Vernon, N.Y.

LeSage L. 1991. Family Chrysomelidae, leaf beetles. In: Bousquet Y. (ed.) Checklist of beetles of Canada and Alaska: 301–323. Agriculture Canada Publication 1861E.

Li K. & Liang H. 2018. A comparative study of external genitalia (including the 8th and 9th abdominal segments) in the family Megalopodidae and other related families of Chrysomeloidea. Zookeys 762: 69–104.

Löbl I. 2010. Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae (New acts and comments). In: Löbl I. & Smetana A. (eds) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 6. Chrysomeloidea: 83. Apollo Books, Stenstrup.

Maulik S. 1919. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Coleoptera. Chrysomelidae (Hispinae and Cassidinae). Taylor & Francis, London.

Medvedev L.N. 1993. New species of Chrysomelidae from South Asia. Entomologica Basiliensia 16: 359–376.

Medvedev L.N. 2007. New and poorly known Oriental Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of the Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde, Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) 702: 1–19.

Medvedev L.N. 2015. New and poorly known Oriental Chrysomelidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) in the collection of the Naturkundemuseum Erfurt. Vernate 34: 319–335.

Medvedev L.N. & Zoia S. 1996. New and interesting species of Eumolpinae from Pakistan and Thailand (Coleoptera Chrysomelidae). Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e Bachicoltura 28 (2): 111–117.

Melsheimer F.E. 1847. Descriptions of new species of Coleoptera of the United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 3 (1): 158–181.

Moseyko A.G. 2008. The Reproductive Apparatus of Female Leaf Beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) and its Importance for the Systematics of the Group. PhD thesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute.

Moseyko A.G. & Kirejtshuk A.G. 2013. On the taxonomic position of new taxa of the subfamily Eumolpinae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) from Baltic amber. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 163–172.

Moseyko A.G. & Sprecher-Uebersax E. 2010. Subfamily Eumolpinae Hope, 1840. In: Löbl I. & Smetana A. (eds) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 6: Chrysomeloidea: 619–643. Apollo Books, Stenstrup.

Motschulsky V. 1861. Insectes du Japon. Études entomologiques 9: 4–39.

Ohno M. 1958. On the genus Lypesthes Baly from Japan (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae). Journal of the Toyo University 12: 173–181.

Pic M. 1923. Nouveautés diverses. Mélanges exotico-entomologiques 40: 1–32.

Pic M. 1924. Nouveautés diverses. Mélanges exotico-entomologiques 41: 1–32.

Pic M. 1928. Nouveautés diverses. Mélanges exotico-entomologiques 52: 1–32.

Pic M. 1936. Nouveautés diverses. Mélanges exotico-entomologiques 67: 1–32.

Pic M. 1939. Nouveaux coléoptères, principalement phytophages, de l’Ethiopie et Somalie italienne. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 17 (1): 31–37.

Rajendran T.P. & Singh D. 2016. Chapter 1. Insects and pests. In: Omkar (ed.) Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security: 1–24. Academic Press, UK.

Reid C.A.M. 1995. A cladistic analysis of subfamilial relationships in the Chrysomelidae sensu lato (Chrysomeloidea). In: Pakaluk J. & Ślipiński S.A. (eds) Biology, Phylogeny, and Classifi­cation of Coleoptera Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson: 559–631.Warzawa Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii PAN.

Riley E.G., Clark S.M., Flowers R.W. & Gilbert A.J. 2002. 124. Chrysomelidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett R.H., Thomas M.C., Skelley P.E. & Frank J.H. (eds) American Beetles. Vol. 2, Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea: 617–691. CRC Press. New York.

Riley E.G., Clark S.M. & Seeno T.N. 2003. Catalog of the leaf beetles of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society Special Publication No.1.

Schaeffer C. 1904. New genera and species of Coleoptera Class I, Hexapoda Order II, Coleoptera. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 12 (4): 197–236.

Schaeffer C. 1933. Short studies in the Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 41: 457–480.

Seeno T.N. & Wilcox J.A. 1982. Leaf Beetle Genera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomography Publications, California.

Ślipiński A. & Escalona H.E. 2013. Australian Longhorn Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Strother S.M. 2003. Genus Fidia Baly. In: Riley E.G., Clark S.M. & Seeno T.N. (eds) Catalog of the Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae): 151–152 & 192–193. Coleopterists Society.

Strother M.S. & Staines C.L. 2008. A revision of the New World genus Fidia Baly, 1863 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae: Adoxini). Zootaxa 1798: 1–100.

Strother M.S, Bayless V.M. & Staines C.L. 2007. Case 3375 Fidia Baly, 1863 and Lypesthes Baly, 1863 (Insecta, Coleoptera): proposed conservation of usage. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64: 35–38.

Sturm J. 1826. Catalog meiner Insecten-Sammlung von Jacob Sturm. Erster Theil Käfer. Privately published, Nürnberg.

Sturm J. 1843. Catalog der Kaefer-Sammlung von Jacob Sturm. Privately published, Nürnberg.

Suzuki K. 1988. 19. Comparative morphology of the internal reproductive system of the Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera). In: Jolivet P., Petitpierre E. & Hsiao T.H. (eds) Biology of Chrysomelidae: 317–342. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands.

Tan J. 1983. On a newly recorded genus and two new species of Eumolpidae. Wuyi Science Journal 3: 129–130.

Uhler P.R. 1855. Descriptions of a few species of Coleoptera, supposed to be new. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia 7: 415–418.

Verma K.K. & Jolivet P. 2000. Phylogeny of Synetinae–reconsidered. Nouvelle Revue d’Entomologie (N.S.) 17 (1): 35–49.

Walsh B.D. 1867. The grape-vine Fidia (Fidia viticida, new species). Practical Entomologist 2 (8): 87–88.

Wilcox J.A. 1954. Leaf beetles of Ohio (Chrysomelidae: Coleoptera). Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 43: 353–506.

Wilcox J.A. 1975. Checklist of the Beetles of Canada, United States, Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies 1 (7): The Leaf Beetles (red version). Biological Research Institute of America, Latham.

Williston S.W. 1889. Notes on Asilidae. Psyche, A Journal of Entomology 5 (160–164): 255–259.

Yamasako J. & Ohbayashi N. 2011. Review of the genus Paragolsinda Breuning, 1956 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae, Mesosini), with reconsideration of the endophallic terminology. Zootaxa 2882: 35–50.

Zhou H. & Tan J. 1997. Faunistic notes and three new species of Eumolpinae from Fujian province, China (Coleoptera). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 22 (2): 189–193.

Zoia S. 2009. A revision of the genus Mecistes (Coleoptera Chrysomelidae). Memorie della Società entomologica italiana 88: 117–154.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL: